10 most remarkable medical breakthroughs of 2018
Groundbreaking cancer therapy, colour x-ray and many more
The year 2018 witnessed a number of significant discoveries in the field of medical science. Thanks to researchers, scientists and health experts around the world who have been working tirelessly to combat diseases and make our lives safer, easier and more pleasurable. From the ground-breaking cancer treatment to the first lab-grown human eggs, novel research continues to transform the future of health care. For the first time in India as well as in Asia, a woman in Gujarat delivered a baby after getting a womb transplant from her mother.
Perhaps, it’s worthwhile to take a step back and celebrate the stupendous efforts put in by each one of them. And here are the 10 most exciting medical breakthroughs of 2018 that have the potential to change the way we live and improve our lives.
1. First-ever colour X-ray on a human performed
New Zealand scientists have performed the first-ever 3-D, colour X-ray on a human, using a technique that promises to improve the field of medical diagnostics. The images not only show the difference between bone, muscle and cartilage very clearly, but also the position and size of cancerous tumours.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/6hamr
2. First uterus transplant baby born in India and Asia
In October 2018, Meenakshi Walan, a resident of Vadodara in Gujarat, delivered a baby girl weighing 1.4kg at the Galaxy Care Hospital in Pune - 17 months after getting her mother’s womb. According to Dr Neeta Warty, one of the doctors who oversaw the delivery, this was the first-of-its-kind delivery not only in India but the ‘Asia-Pacific region.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/yiAZO
3. Groundbreaking therapy cured a woman of advanced breast cancer
A woman with advanced breast cancer which defied chemotherapy and other conventional treatments was completely cured of the disease for two years after doctor tweaked her immune system, enabling it to damage the tumour cells that had spread to other organs. The revolutionary treatment, a form of immunotherapy, involved pumping 90 billion cancer-killing immune cells into her body.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/VYmn2
4. Synthetic embryos without eggs or sperm developed
Scientists successfully created synthetic mouse proto-embryos in the lab, without using either egg or sperm in ground-breaking yet extremely controversial trials with critics saying the research was a huge step towards human cloning. According to the Dutch researchers, the procedure was to find out why pregnancies fail at an early stage-implantation.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/NrtyB
5. French man became the first person to receive two face transplants
Dubbed as the ‘man with three faces’, Jerome Hamon, 43, of France became the first person in the world to undergo two face transplants in April 2018. The unprecedented feat was led by Dr Laurent Lantieri of the Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris, a French professor of plastic surgery, who carried out Hamon’s first surgery eight years ago.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/a3UaX
6. A world first: Baby born via uterus transplanted from a dead donor
Earlier this month, researchers reported that a mother in Brazil who received a uterus transplant from a dead donor gave birth to a healthy baby girl in the first successful case of its kind. The baby born in December 2017 was delivered via caesarean section at 35 weeks and three days. The breakthrough procedure, described in The Lancet, showed that such transplants are possible and could help thousands of women who are unable to have children due to uterine problems.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/CBUEM
7. A blue pill that can stop HIV infection
A study published in the Lancet found that an antiviral blue pill taken daily by men across Sydney and other parts of Australia caused an unprecedented reduction in new cases of HIV cases worldwide. The blue, oval-shaped pill is a fixed-dose combination of the drugs tenofovir, disoproxil and emtricitabine.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/ddv6x
8. A new vaccine for breast cancer that could save millions of lives
In October 2018, researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Florida reported about working on a new vaccine for triple-negative breast cancer that they claim could someday save millions of lives. The vaccine, which is still in clinical trials, showed exciting results in early trials in treating triple-negative breast cancer -- an aggressive form of breast cancer that is more likely to spread beyond the breast and more likely to come back after treatment.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/ytE3m
9. Antibody breakthrough that may lead to a cure for fatal allergies
A team of New Zealand scientists claimed to have uncovered the mechanism behind an antibody that can potentially inactivate the body's allergic processes, a major breakthrough that brings researchers one step closer to developing improved allergies and asthma treatment. The study suggested that the discovery could help scientists in finding a life-long cure for potentially fatal allergies, including asthma.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/ZeRew
10. ‘World’s first’ telerobotic heart surgery in Gujarat
History was created when Dr. Tejas Patel, the Chief Interventional Cardiologist at Apex Heart Institute in Ahmedabad performed the world's first-in-human telerobotic coronary intervention. Dr. Patel said that this is the world's first percutaneous coronary intervention conducted from a remote location outside the catherization lab.
Read more: https://pxmd.co/1q3XZ
‘So many more discoveries’ to make!
Reference: Times Now News