A case of hemifacial hyperplasia
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Hemifacial hyperplasia is a rare developmental anomaly characterized by marked unilateral facial tissues. It involves orofacial soft tissues, bones of the face, and teeth. The cause remains ambiguous although several predisposing factors have been reported.

Published in the Journal of Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, the authors present a case of a 32-year-old girl with unilateral hemifacial enlargement, pain in the temporomandibular joint, and limited mouth opening associated.

A 32-year-old healthy female presented to a clinic (LS). The main complaint was severe pain in right temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region, right ear, mouth opening limitation, and asymmetrical of the face. The patient reported that she was born at full term by spontaneous vaginal delivery and no perinatal problems and no notable postnatal illness were reported.

However, in the months following birth, the parents observed progressive enlargement of her right cheek and a differing eyelid width. According to the patient, the facial asymmetry had become more marked over the following years but had not increased in the past few years.

No other family members were affected. Patient's mother reported a normal pregnancy. The enlargement extended from the midline to the preauricular region and inferiorly to the lower border of mandible. The skin of the involved right side of the face was normal in appearance with no alteration in thickness. The extraoral examination revealed that the right side of the mandible was larger than the left side.

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