A case of isolated contralateral peripheral-type facial pals
A 78-year-old hypertensive woman was assessed for acute right facial weakness. Examination showed isolated right peripheral-type facial palsy (weakness of upper and lower face) (figure 1).

Brain MRI revealed focal restricted diffusion in the left precentral gyrus. The weakness of upper facial muscles can be seen in central facial paralysis but is not usually isolated. Studies in monkeys suggest that both upper and lower facial nucleus receive bilateral cortical inputs;

This case suggests that the upper facial nucleus could receive less cortical input than the lower. Since the upper face motor representation is in both middle and anterior cerebral arteries territories, the authors hypothesize that involvement of critical zones of the Rolandic area can account for upper facial weakness, a crucial diagnostic challenge, the differential being Bell palsy.

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