A modified pull-out wire technique for acute mallet fracture
A variety of surgical techniques for treating mallet fracture finger has been reported with different outcomes and complications. However, the optimal procedure remains controversial.

This study, published in the Indian Journal of Orthopaedics describes surgical outcomes of mallet fractures of the finger with distal phalanx treated by modified pull-out wire fixation with Kirschner wire (K-wire) stabilization of the DIP joint in hyperextension.

30 patients who had mallet fracture finger injuries (Doyle's classification type IVC) with DIP joint subluxation between January 2009 and January 2015 were included in this study. The mean age was 28 years (range 18–50 years), and the mean duration of followup was 8 months (range 6–12 months).

Outcome assessments included the skin necrosis, wire tract infection, bony union, and extension lag. The pinch strength test was measured at 8 weeks and 12 weeks postoperatively and the clinical results were graded using Crawford's criteria.

All fractures united after surgery. There was no iatrogenic fracture fragmentation, marginal skin necrosis, wire tract infection, and nail deformity. The mean extension lag was 1.8° (range 0°–17°) through goniometer, 24 of 30 patients had 0° of extension lag.

The pinch strength measured at 8 weeks and 12 weeks was 79% and improved to 91%, respectively, compared with uninjured opposite finger. According to Crawford's criteria, 24 patients were classified as excellent, 3 were good, and 3 were fair.

The authors concluded that modified pull-out wire fixation over a button and K-wire stabilization of DIP joint in hyperextension is a reliable surgical method for treating acute mallet fracture finger and DIP joint volar subluxation.

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