A novel UGT1A1 gene mutation causing severe unconjugated hyp
Crigler-Najjar syndrome (CNs) presents as unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, as a result of UGT1A1 deficiency, and can be categorized in a severe (type I) and mild (type II) phenotype. CNs type II patients usually benefit from phenobarbital treatment that induces residual UGT1A1 activity.

Here BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:173 presents a CNs type II patient that is not responsive to phenobarbital treatment, which can be explained by two heterozygous mutations in the UGT1A1 gene. A 3 nucleotide insertion in the HNF-1α binding site in the proximal promoter previously reported in a Crigler-Najjar patient on one allele and a novel two nucleotide deletion in exon 1, resulting in a frameshift and a premature stop codon.

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