A novel approach in the management of severe postpartum uter
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Postpartum hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Uterine atony is the most common cause of bleeding accounting for 80% of cases of postpartum hemorrhage. To reduce maternal morbidity and mortality due to bleeding caused by uterine atony even under limited resources, a simple and effective procedure that can be easily applied by all obstetricians and junior physicians is required. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of novel three vertical compression sutures for severe postpartum hemorrhage.

Two vertical sutures are transfixed, one on each side of the lower uterine segment, from anterior to posterior over the bladder reflection avoiding the endometrial cavity, and tied over the fundus. The lateral sutures should be placed approximately 2 cm from the lateral edge of the lower uterus and approximately 4 cm from the cornual border, because the uterus widens upward from below. The third vertical suture is placed in the midline at the same level as the two vertical sutures, passing the endometrial cavity from anterior to posterior, and is tied in the middle of the fundus, where the three sutures are positioned side-by-side.

Study result shows 25 cases of postpartum hemorrhage secondary to life-threatening severe uterine atony treated with this novel approach of using three vertical compression sutures. Success was achieved in 24/25 (96%) of cases treated with three vertical sutures, without requiring hysterectomy except one.

To reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, three vertical compression sutures as a novel approach, can be attempted before applying other more complex interventions. It does not require any extra skill or training, and is an ideal option as its simplicity allows it to be performed by all obstetricians, including junior obstetric staff.

Read more : https://www.ejog.org/article/S0301-2115(21)00158-5/fulltext?rss=yes
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