A rare disorder -: FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA F
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Sachit Sogani
A rare disorder -: FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a disorder in which muscle tissue and connective tissue such as tendons and ligaments are gradually replaced by bone (ossified), forming bone outside the skeleton (extra-skeletal or heterotopic bone) that constrains movement. This process generally becomes noticeable in early childhood, starting with the neck and shoulders and proceeding down the body and into the limbs.

Extra-skeletal bone formation causes progressive loss of mobility as the joints become affected. Inability to fully open the mouth may cause difficulty in speaking and eating. Over time, people with this disorder may experience malnutrition due to their eating problems. They may also have breathing difficulties as a result of extra bone formation around the rib cage that restricts expansion of the lungs.

Any trauma to the muscles of an individual with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, such as a fall or invasive medical procedures, may trigger episodes of muscle swelling and inflammation (myositis) followed by more rapid ossification in the injured area. Flare-ups may also be caused by viral illnesses such as influenza.

People with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva are generally born with malformed big toes. This abnormality of the big toes is a characteristic feature that helps to distinguish this disorder from other bone and muscle problems. Affected individuals may also have short thumbs and other skeletal abnormalities.

Diagnostic methods -:

A1C
Amniocentesis see Prenatal Testing Biopsy
Blood Pressure see Vital Signs
Blood Tests see Laboratory Tests
Breathing Rate see Vital Signs
CAT Scans see CT Scans
Chorionic Villi Sampling see Prenatal Testing
Colonoscopy
CT Scans
Diagnostic Imaging
Echocardiography see Ultrasound
Endoscopy
Fetal Ultrasound see Prenatal Testing
Genetic Testing
Heart Rate see Vital Signs
Hemoglobin A1c see A1C
Hepatic Function Panel see Liver Function

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