A study of obstetric complications and birth outcomes in wom
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women and a high-risk factor for adverse pregnancy complications.

Therefore, researchers aimed to analyze the relationship between PCOS and pregnancy complications in a large sample from China. Additionally, since obesity and assisted reproductive technology (ART) are common in women with PCOS, they also aimed to determine whether both of these factors increased the complication incidence for women with PCOS.

A retrospective cohort study that included 1357 pregnant women with PCOS and 6940 without PCOS was performed.

- The results indicated women with PCOS had a higher incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertension, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, macrosomia, and cervical incompetence.

- Additionally, obesity was associated with an increased incidence of hypertension and GDM in women with PCOS generally.

- ART did not result in an increase in the obstetric complication rate in women with PCOS.

In conclusion, PCOS appeared to result in an increased risk of adverse pregnancy complications. Obesity may further increase the risks of hypertension and GDM among women with PCOS. However, ART did not increase the risk of pregnancy complications, which suggests that ART is a relatively safe and effective method to address infertility problems in women with PCOS.

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Source: https://doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2021.1931066
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