ACS Disagrees With CDC on HPV Vaccination in Adults
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The American Cancer Society's new guidance on human papillomavirus vaccination diverges from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations. The ACS has endorsed two recommendations made by the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, but the ACS does not agree with the third recommendation for older adults.

The ACIP recommends shared clinical decision-making regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in some adults aged 27-45 years who are not adequately vaccinated. The ACS does not endorse this recommendation "because of the low effectiveness and low cancer prevention potential of vaccination in this age group, the burden of decision-making on patients and clinicians, and the lack of sufficient guidance on the selection of individuals who might benefit of the ACS's section on human papillomavirus and gynecologic cancers, and colleagues.

The HPV vaccine protects against the virus that can cause cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, vaginal, vulvar, and penile cancers. For younger people, the ACIP recommends routine HPV vaccination of boys and girls aged 9-12 years and catch-up vaccination in everyone up to age 26 who has not been fully immunized against HPV. The ACS endorses both of these recommendations. It also advises clinicians to tell patients aged 22-26 years who haven't received the HPV vaccine or completed the series that the vaccine is less effective at reducing the risk of cancer at older ages.

After the Food and Drug Administration approved the HPV vaccine for adults aged 27-45 years, the ACIP updated its recommendations to state that routine catch-up vaccination is not recommended for anyone aged over 26 years. However, the ACIP recommended that these older adults talk with their providers about the risks and benefits of the vaccine to determine whether to get it.