An uncommon cause of ascites: uroperitoneum from iatrogenic
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We report the case of a female who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy and was referred to the emergency department with massive ascites 10 days later. Anamnestic background and clinical presentation suggested the occurrence of a urinary lesion, which was investigated by CT urography. CT urography with ultra-late excretory phase showed the leakage of iodinated contrast agent from the bladder dome into the peritoneal cavity, as expected in uroperitoneum from iatrogenic bladder laceration.

CT cystography is the reference standard for the assessment of bladder leakage; however, this technique is quite invasive, time consuming and does not provide a panoramic overview of the entire excretory system. Conversely, CT urography provides a complete overview of the entire excretory system by means of an optimized protocol with optional ultra-late acquisition to gain adequate bladder distension and depict minor urinary leakage.

http://www.birpublications.org/doi/full/10.1259/bjrcr.20150391
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