Arginine-fluoride varnish helps modulate biochemical composi
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According to recent research, it has been found out that higher concentrations (i.e. 2%/ 4%) of Arg in 5% NaF varnish have the potential to modulate the biochemical composition of the biofilm growing on the treated enamel. The study was published in the Journal of Dentistry.

The study was carried out to examine the biochemical components of multi-species biofilm on the arginine (Arg)-sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish-treated enamel following bacterial pH-cycling.

l-arginine (at 1%, 2%, & 4% w/v.) was incorporated in a 5% NaF varnish. The experimental and control groups were: 1%, 2%, 4% Arg-NaF, NaF, and no treatment. Enamel blocks were prepared, acid-etched, varnish-treated, and then subjected to 72 h bacterial pH-cycling in an oral biofilm reactor. The organic (carbohydrates, proteins, amyloids, and eDNA) and inorganic components (calcium, inorganic phosphate, F) were assayed for the obtained biofilm suspensions. The biofilms were stained for exopolysaccharides (EPS)/bacteria and the respective proportions of live/dead bacteria were determined using confocal imaging.

The findings were;
--The total carbohydrate content of the biofilm was the lowest for the 2% and 4% Arg-NaF.

--Except for 2% Arg-NaF, the biofilm proteins for 4% Arg-NaF were significantly higher than the other groups. The amyloids for Arg-NaF groups were significantly lower than the controls.

--The eDNA for 4% Arg-NaF was significantly higher than the controls.

-- The 2% and 4% Arg-NaF-treated enamel had increased biofilm Pi and F compared to the NaF-treated enamel.

--The proportion of biofilm EPS matrix to bacteria was significantly reduced in Arg-NaF groups compared to the controls.

--The dead bacterial proportions of 4% Arg-NaF were significantly higher than the controls.

In particular, higher concentrations (i.e. 2%/4%) of Arg in 5% NaF varnish have the potential to modulate the biochemical composition of the biofilm growing on the treated enamel.

Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2021.103631
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