Assessment of Early Complications and Risk Factors Affecting
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The presence of postoperative complications may have a significant impact on the outcome of breast reconstruction.

The aim of this study by the Indian Journal of Surgery was to investigate early postoperative complications and the risk factors for their occurrence.

A prospective analysis was carried out to evaluate surgical outcomes after breast reconstructive surgeries performed over a 2-year period. Procedures included expander/implant (TE/IMP), pedicle transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (pTRAM), and latissimus dorsi (LD) techniques.

All adverse events which occurred within 6 weeks of surgery were ranked according to severity based on the contracted Accordion grading system. Outcomes were assessed for their association with surgical, demographic, and clinical variables. Sixty-one consecutive breast reconstruction procedures were analyzed.

--The overall complication rate was 60.7%, and 8 patients required reoperation.

--The lowest complication rate was observed in implant-based reconstructions. Mild complications occurred significantly more often after LD reconstructions, while severe complications were significantly more frequent after the pTRAM procedures.

--Severe complications were associated with a higher rehospitalization rate and longer hospital stay.

In particular, the study revealed a significant impact of the operative method on the incidence and severity of early complications after breast reconstruction procedures with little effect from other demographic and clinical factors.