Baby born with a major heart defect survives 12-hour operati
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A four-month-old baby born with a major heart defect is now being called a 'miracle baby' after she survived a 12-hour surgery and the six heart attacks thereafter at the B J Wadia Hospital.

When she was 45 days old, the baby vomited after she was fed and fell unconscious. After being shaken awake, she again became unconscious. She was rushed to the local hospital and was diagnosed with a heart defect called transposition of the great arteries, in which connections to the big arteries called aorta and pulmonary artery are switched. Basically, her heart's anatomy was opposite of a normal heart.

While her heart function improved after the 12-hour-long surgery, her weak lungs didn't. The correction for the transposition of the great arteries should be done immediately after birth else the poorly formed lung gets used to a certain pattern and cannot adjust to the sudden correction, like in the baby's case. The oxygen concentration in her blood used to routinely drop to a third of the normal while carbon dioxide would jump up three times. This imbalance led to six cardiac arrests in the time span of 51 days.

For a rare case such as this one, doctors had to use a high-frequency ventilator after surgery for stabilizing the childs' lungs.

Source: Times Of India
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