Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.
PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease. Birth control pills and diabetes drugs can help fix the hormone imbalance and improve symptoms.
PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:
-- cysts in the ovaries
-- High levels of male hormones
-- Irregular or skipped periods
It is not known exactly what causes PCOS. Doctors believe it stems from factors such as genes, insulin resistance, and higher levels of inflammation in the body.
Checkout the slideshow for a detailed overview
Source: Mayo clinic, BMJ Best Practice