Bariatric surgery improves diabetes remission, reduces cardi
The observational, retrospective, single-center study included 38 patients who received conventional medical treatment and 33 patients who received bariatric surgery. Researchers assessed socioeconomic, lifestyle, anthropometric, biochemical, medication, cardiovascular and glycemic parameters. Baseline characteristics between groups were comparable. Overall, 91.6% of patients were women, and the mean age was 46.1 years. Among those who received bariatric surgery, there was a mean 28.3-month wait to receive surgery, and 93.9% underwent gastric bypass.

Results indicated that patients who received bariatric surgery demonstrated a higher level of educational achievement (P = .001), a higher prevalence of social drinking (P = .006) and a higher BMI (P < .001) compared with the conventional approach arm.

At 5 years, 66.7% of patients receiving bariatric surgery had complete remission of type 2 diabetes and 60.6% had remission of cardiometabolic risks, whereas in the conventional treatment arm, 2.6% of patients had remission of type 2 diabetes and 18.4% had remission of cardiometabolic risks (P < .0001 for both).