Bilateral osteomyelitis and liver abscess caused by K. pneum
Hypervirulent strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae are a recognized cause of a distinct invasive syndrome that results in pyogenic liver abscesses and metastatic complications, particularly in the Asia Pacific region.

Published in BMC infectious diseases, the authors present a case of multi-focal osteomyelitis, a rarely described complication of hypervirulent K.pneumoniae in the medical literature. The prevalence of this condition in countries outside Asia may be expected to rise with increasing travel.

A 20-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of gradually worsening leg pain preceded by 2 weeks of constitutional symptoms. Imaging with computerized axial tomography (CT) and other modalities revealed bilateral tibial lesions described as lattice-like linear lucencies involving the cortices with scalloping of the outer involved cortex.

Cultures of tissue from a left tibial bone biopsy were positive cultures for K.pneumoniae. Whole-genome sequencing identified the isolate as K1 serotype ST23, a well-recognized hyper virulent strain capable of causing invasive disease.

An abdominal CT revealed a 27x22mm liver abscess. The patient had no other metastatic manifestations of the disease, and responded to 6 weeks of intravenous ceftriaxone followed by 3 months of oral Ciprofloxacin.

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