Brain pacemaker to treat Parkinson’s at PGI
The state capital’s premier healthcare facility, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, will soon start deep brain stimulation surgery, a minimally invasive neurosurgical procedure of implanting a brain pacemaker which brings relief to patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease.

The brain pacemaker is a medical device, also called a neurostimulator, implanted in the brain to stimulate nervous tissue by sending electrical impulses through its electrodes to specific targets in brain for the treatment of movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, essential tremors, and dystonia.

The surgery will also improve the quality of life of people suffering from dystonia, Tourette syndrome, epilepsy and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

"As on date, about 0.1% of the population could be in the grip of Parkinson’s disease, but the problem is set to increase significantly with improved life expectancy, better access to medical care, higher awareness and stressed living,” said Prof Goel.

Dr Arun Kumar of neurosurgery department, said, “The human brain is a complicated structure. A number of medical conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease emerge from deviations in deeper sections of the brain, which cannot be handled with plain surgical interventions.” This surgical procedure involves accessing the affected part of the brain and implanting a brain pacemaker somewhere close to the front shoulder bones, he added.

Pointing out at the differences between cardiac and brain pacemakers, Dr Kuntal Kanti Das and Dr Pavan Verma said, “The two devices work differently. While the cardiac pacemaker regulates the rhythm of heart, the one used for the brain stimulates section of the brain to restore a function. In case of Parkinson’s, the brain pacemaker can help in checking problems like slowness, tremors, stiffness and loss of balance when standing or sitting.”

Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/now-brain-pacemaker-to-treat-parkinsons-at-pgi/articleshow/71030309.cms
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