CNS vasculitis and stroke as a complication of DOCK8 deficie
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Primary immunodeficiency disorders associated with autoimmunity are poorly understood. Central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis can complicate the courses of such entities, but it is underappreciated. Deletion of the dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) gene is considered to be the autosomal recessive form of hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome which is a rare type of primary immunodeficiency disease characterized by elevated levels of IgE antibody, eczema, and recurrent staphylococcal infections.

This report describes a young female with a DOCK8 gene deletion presenting acutely with a squint, fatigue and visual hallucinations. The patient was diagnosed as having neuritis of the third oculomotor nerve and encephalitis, which were thought to be related to her underlying immune deficiency, however, she subsequently was diagnosed with CNS vasculitis based on brain magnetic imaging and magnetic resonance angiography findings.

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