CORD CLAMPING AFTER BIRTH
The World Health Organization recommends that the umbilical cord should be clamped after the first minute. However, in some babies who can't breathe on their own, the cord should be cut immediately to allow effective ventilation to be performed, it says.
The American College of Nurse-Midwives recommends delaying the clamping of the cord in full-term infants for five minutes if the newborn is placed skin-to-skin with the mother or two minutes if the newborn is at or below the height of the vaginal canal.
The American Academy of Pediatrics also recommends waiting at least 30 to 60 seconds for most newborns.
In the first few minutes after birth, blood is still circulating from the placenta to the infant. When clamping is put off for two or three minutes, it allows a physiological transfer of oxygen-rich blood to flow into the infant -- a process called placental transfusion.