COVID-19 Infection Significantly Changes Our Blood Cells: St
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COVID-19 infection has the potential to significantly change the size and stiffness of red and white blood cells, a team of German scientists has found. In some cases, the effect may continue for months, a possible reason why some affected people continue to complain of symptoms long after an infection.

During Covid disease, blood circulation is often impaired, and dangerous vascular occlusions can occur, and oxygen transport is limited. These are all phenomena in which the blood cells and their physical properties play a key role. To investigate this aspect, a team of scientists measured the mechanical states of red and white blood cells.

The team examined more than four million blood cells from 17 patients acutely ill with Covid-19, from 14 people who had recovered and 24 healthy people as a comparison group, using a self-developed method called real-time deformability cytometry (RT-DC). In this method, the researchers send the blood cells through a narrow channel at high speed. In the process, the leukocytes and erythrocytes are stretched.

A high-speed camera records each of them through a microscope, and custom software determines which cell types are present, and how big and deformed they are. They found that the size and deformability of the red blood cells of patients with the disease deviated strongly from those of healthy people. This indicates damage to these cells and could explain the increased risk of vascular occlusion and embolisms in the lungs.

In addition, the oxygen supply, which is one of the main tasks of the erythrocytes, may be impaired in infected persons. Lymphocytes were in turn significantly softer in Covid-19 patients, which typically indicates a strong immune reaction. The researchers made similar observations for neutrophil granulocytes -- another group of white blood cells involved in the innate immune response. These cells even remained drastically altered seven months after the acute infection.

Source:
https://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(21)00454-9
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