Can \'smart drugs\' really boost intelligence without side
‘Smart drugs’ are mostly prescription stimulants that are acquired illegally to combat the lack of sleep, and increase concentration and productivity.

These include adderall and ritalin, usually prescribed for attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and modafinil - which was approved as a treatment for narcolepsy in 1998 by the FDA. The long-term effects of such drugs remain unknown.

The reported positive effects of most smart drugs on the mind are largely anecdotal, and side-effects vary depending on what drug is taken. Ritalin, for example, causes a whole host of side-effects such as nausea, stomach pains and more severely, heart problems and adderall has the risk of addiction. They are usually procured through those who have prescriptions....