Cardiac strangulation: An atypical complication from epicard
Published in the Annals of Pediatric Cardiology, the authors
report a rare and serious complication of cardiac strangulation arising from the implantation of epicardial pacing leads in a newborn.

Patient's follow-up 9-month postsurgery revealed compression under the pulmonary valve annulus by a pacemaker lead, causing progressive stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract.

The epicardial leads were replaced to relieve compression, and stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract was rectified.

Key points:-
- Pacemaker implantation in newborns is not without challenge

- Epicardial leads should be carefully positioned to avoid any compression of cardiac structures.

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