Case Study: How a Distended Bladder Can Alter Mental Status
Cystocerebral syndrome is recognized as encephalopathy that results from bladder distension and responds rapidly to bladder decompression. The syndrome was first described a quarter century ago in three elderly men who presented with acute urinary retention and altered mental status. We recently published a report of a similar case, recapped below, that underscores the dynamic potential interactions between brain and bladder and aligns with growing evidence that the mechanisms underlying cystocerebral syndrome are more nuanced than conventionally believed....