Central Neurogenic Hyperventilation related to Post-Hypoxic
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Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH) is a rare condition and defined as a syndrome comprising normal or elevated arterial oxygen tension, decreased arterial carbon dioxide tension and respiratory alkalosis with hyperventilation even during sleep. The diagnosis of CNH requires the exclusion of pulmonary, cardiac, and metabolic disorders that can result in hyperventilation. To date, 44 cases have been reported in the literature and majority of these cases were secondary to tumoral lesions involving the brainstem. We report here a 3-year-old male patient presented with asphyxia and diagnosed as CNH related to diffuse thalamic infarction.

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