Central and Peripheral Age-Related Hearing Loss and Differen
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The study states that age-related central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) was independently associated with cognitive frailty, suggesting that management of age-related hearing loss may be associated with the development of different frailty phenotypes.

The study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery was carried out with a target to examine whether peripheral age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and age-related central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) are independently associated with physical or cognitive frailty.

This cross-sectional study analyzed registry data of 1929 older participants who underwent audiology, physical, and neuropsychological assessment.

The findings;
--The prevalence of peripheral ARHL was higher in the physical frailty group than in the non-frail group and in the cognitive frailty group than in the non-frail group.

--Age-related CAPD was more prevalent in the physical frailty group than in the non-frail group and in the cognitive frailty group than in the non-frail group.

--In the multivariable models, age-related CAPD was associated with cognitive frailty in the fully adjusted model.

--There was also an inverse association between the unitary increase in Synthetic Sentence Identification With the Ipsilateral Competitive Message scores, indicating a lower likelihood of this disorder, and cognitive frailty.

--Peripheral ARHL was associated with cognitive frailty only in the partially adjusted model.

In particular, age-related CAPD was independently associated with cognitive frailty.

Source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/article-abstract/2776454
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