Cerebellar gangliocytoma as a cause of fluctuating Hearing l
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Fluctuating hearing loss may be defined as a reversible and variable length hearing loss, in the same ear, that usually associates to tinnitus, vertigo, and aural fullness. Some possible causes of fluctuating hearing loss are Meniere's disease, immune mediated inner ear disease (IMIED), otosyphilis, and labyrinthine fistula including semicircular canal dehiscence.

Cerebellar lesions could be a cause of fluctuating hearing loss, due to the increase of intracranial pressure by partial or complete blocking of the Foramen of Luschka. Patients with intracranial hypertension may present audio vestibular symptoms. Fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss may be the manifestation of different inner ear disorders such as Meniere's disease (MD), immune mediated inner ear disease (IMIED), otosyphilis, and labyrinthine fistula including semicircular canal dehiscence.

A rare mechanism involved in the fluctuating hearing loss is the increase in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, that may be caused by a cerebellar tumor. A 51 year old female presented a 2 year history of left ear fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus, with fluctuations among the day, and normal otoscopy. Several audiometries showed a left ear moderate sensorineural hearing loss in low frequencies. The patient underwent a cerebral (MRI) & was treated with three courses of systemic steroids showing improvement of symptoms during the treatment. However, the symptoms always returned when corticotherapy was interrupted. The patient was given two intratympanic steroids cycles combined with hydrochlorothiazide/ amiloride hydrochloride.

The cerebral MRI described a left cerebellar focal lesion diagnosed as a cerebellar gangliocytoma. After receiving the second intratympanic steroids, cycle combined with systemic ameride showed a significant improvement of audition. Between the several causes of fluctuating hearing loss, a cerebellar gangliocytoma is a very rare disease, which needs a high degree of suspicion and otorhinolaryngologists should be familiar with this entity since patients may present with audiological and vestibular symptoms.

source: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ccr3.3158?af=R
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