Challenges in diagnosis of spinal epidural abscess: a case r
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare condition that shows a high prevalence in immunocompromised patients. The clinical presentation of SEA includes the “classic triad” of pain, fever, and neurological dysfunction.

However, these nonspecific features can lead to a high rate of misdiagnosis. SEA may lead to paralysis or even death; thus, prognosis of these patients remains unfavorable.

Published in the journal Medicine, the authors report a case of a multilevel (T6–T12) SEA in a 22-year-old woman. The patient was initially diagnosed with spinal tuberculosis at a local hospital based on a history of tuberculosis exposure, as well as radiography and computed tomography.

Histopathological examination of the tissue resected during laminectomy confirmed the diagnosis of SEA in this patient. The patient underwent multilevel laminectomy combined with long-term antibiotic therapy.

Physical examination performed 16 months postoperatively revealed that superficial and deep sensation was restored to normal levels in the lower extremities with improvement in the patient's motor function (muscle strength 2/5).

Lessons learnt:-
This case report indicates that whole spine magnetic resonance imaging is warranted in patients with SEA and that prompt surgical intervention is important at symptom onset. Long-term antibiotic therapy is also essential postoperatively.

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