Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients 80 Years and Older
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Patients older than 65 years hospitalized with COVID-19 have higher rates of intensive care unit admission and death when compared to younger patients. Cardiovascular conditions associated with COVID-19 include myocardial injury, acute myocarditis, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, cardiogenic shock, thromboembolic disease and cardiac arrest. Few studies have described the clinical course of those at the upper extreme of age.

Researchers characterize the clinical course and outcomes of 73 patients aged 80 or older hospitalized at an academic center between March 15th and May 13th, 2020. These patients had multiple comorbidities and often presented with atypical clinical findings such as altered sensorium, generalized weakness and falls.

Cardiovascular manifestations observed at the time of presentation included new arrhythmia 7/73 (10%), stroke/intracranial hemorrhage 5/73 (7%) and elevated troponin 27/58 (47%). During hospitalization, 38% of all patients required intensive care, 13% developed a need for renal replacement therapy and 32% required vasopressor support.

All-cause mortality was 47% and was highest in patients who were ever in intensive care (71%), required mechanical ventilation (83%), or vasopressors (91%), or developed a need for renal replacement therapy (100%). Patients older than 80 years old with COVID-19 have multiple unique risk factors which can be associated with increased cardiovascular involvement and death.

Source: https://journals.lww.com/cardiologyinreview/Abstract/9000/Characteristics_and_Outcomes_of_Patients_80_Years.99617.aspx
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