Clinical outcomes of TKR after posttraumatic and primary kne
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A few literatures reported that the outcomes of total knee replacement (TKR) in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) were lower compared to TKR in primary osteoarthritis (primary OA). The study’s purpose was to compare the comorbidity and outcome of TKR among fracture PTOA, ligamentous PTOA, and primary OA. The secondary aim was to identify the effect of postoperatively lower limb mechanical axis on an 8-year survivorship after TKR between PTOA and primary OA.

716 patients with primary OA, 32 patients with PTOA (knee fracture subgroup), and 104 PTOA (knee ligamentous injury subgroup) were recruited. Demography, comorbidities, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), operative parameters, mechanical axis, functional outcome assessed by WOMAC, and complications were compared among the three groups.

Results:
--PTOA group was significantly younger with a higher proportion of men while the primary OA group had higher comorbidities than the PTOA group, including anticoagulant usage, ASA class more than 3, number of diseases more than 4, and CCI.

--Both the fracture PTOA group and ligamentous PTOA group had a significantly longer operative time than the primary OA group.

--The fracture PTOA group had significantly lower pain components and stiffness components than the primary OA group.

--There was no significant difference in the rate of an aligned group, outlier group, and an 8-year survivorship in both groups.

Conclusively, the outcome following TKR in the fracture PTOA was poorer compared to primary knee OA in the midterm follow-up. However, no difference was detected between the ligamentous PTOA and primary knee OA. The mechanical axis alignment within the neutral axis did not affect the 8-year survivorship after TKR in both groups.

Source: https://josr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13018-021-02322-8
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