Coexistence of Extraskeletal Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma and
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Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor which originates from the chondrogenic tissue. Aggressive surgery is considered the major treatment method for the primary disease but there may be unsatisfactory results of surgery depending on location or extension to unresectable sites of the majority of mesenchymal chondrosarcomas. Hemihyperplasia, formerly called hemihypertrophy, is a rare congenital overgrowth disorder in which one or more body parts on one side of the body grows more than other, causing asymmetry. Isolated hemihyperplasia is caused by an underlying abnormality of cell proliferation in individuals with neither any other underlying diagnosis nor vascular or skin anomalies. Isolated hemihyperplasia reveals an increased risk of embryonal tumors such as Wilms tumor, adrenal carcinoma or hepatoblastoma. However, no such concomitance has been reported with chondrosarcoma. We report the first case of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma presenting with isolated hemihypertrophy.

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