Cold therapy for pain relief during and after amniocentesis
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The study suggests that cold therapy both before and after the amniocentesis procedure is very effective in pain reduction. It was published in the Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Research.

The aim was to compare effects of cold therapy on patient pain scores during and after the amniocentesis procedure.

Researchers performed a prospective randomized-controlled study comparing the anticipated pain, perceived pain during the procedure, and pain after 15 and 30 min of amniocentesis between pregnant women receiving cold therapy before (group 1), after (group 2), and both before and after amniocentesis (group 3) with a control group (group 4). The pain was measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) score. A total of 480 participants were recruited and randomly assigned into four groups of 120 each.

The outcomes are:

--Anticipated pain scores in all groups were not statistically different.

--When compared with group 4, groups 1 and 3 experienced significant pain reduction during amniocentesis, while VAS scores at 15 and 30-min after amniocentesis in groups 1–3 were significantly lower as compared to group 4.

Conclusively, cold therapy both before and after the amniocentesis procedure is most effective in pain reduction. It encourages the pregnant woman's cooperation during the procedure and provides a good amniocentesis experience.

Source: https://doi.org/10.1111/jog.14832
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