Comparison of ovarian crescent sign and risk of malignancy i
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Objective of the study was to evaluate ovarian crescent sign (OCS) as a sonographic parameter for prediction of ovarian cancer in adnexal masses suspicious of ovarian malignancy and to compare it with risk of malignancy index (RMI).

Presence of OCS and calculation of RMI was done for 50 cases of adnexal masses scheduled to undergo surgery taking histopathology as gold standard.

18% (9/50) of adnexal masses were malignant. OCS was absent in all malignant lesions, giving a sensitivity and negative predictive value of 100%. OCS was present in 33/41 of benign masses (specificity 80.4%). Relation of OCS to mass size<10 cm and menopausal status was significant (p<0.001). RMI 200 could not diagnose malignancy in 4/9 cases (sensitivity 55.5%). RMI had specificity and negative predictive value of 95.1% and 90.7% respectively. Combining OCS and RMI had a lower specificity. Sequential application using OCS as first node and RMI as second node failed to diagnose 44.4% (4/9) cases as malignant.

OCS is cheaper, easy to perform and appears to be a better test than RMI to differentiate between benign and early-stage malignant ovarian tumors. It can be used for triaging patient for referral.

Read more : https://www.ijrcog.org/index.php/ijrcog/article/view/9104
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