Complete heart block in cardiac sarcoidosis reversed by cort
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Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) often escapes detection given no clinically apparent disease in other organs. Its presentation is usually that of an idiopathic atrioventricular block (AVB). Imaging may show active disease versus myocardial fibrosis which determines the benefit of immunosuppressant therapy.

A 53-year-old man was admitted for recurrent syncope and found to have complete heart block (CHB). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging MRI) showed extensive patchy late gadolinium enhancement in the apical and lateral walls, consistent with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) but no scar in the septum. A fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)–positron emission tomography showed FDG uptake in the septum and basal lateral walls. Imaging suggested active inflammation in the septum affecting atrioventricular (AV) conduction but no irreversible fibrosis.

Diagnosis of isolated CS requires a high level of suspicion and multidisciplinary teamwork involving heart failure specialists, electrophysiologists and rheumatologists. After specialist and patient discussion, treatment of the disease was initiated with prednisone 40 mg daily, 11 months after presenting with CHB. Three weeks later, ECG with pacing inhibited showed second-degree AV block Mobitz type II and 4 weeks later, AV conduction recovery. This highlights the importance of immediate therapy in reversing AV conduction abnormalities in CS.

Source: https://casereports.bmj.com/content/14/3/e240834?rss=1
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