Complex congenital lung malformation resection by uniportal
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Bronchial atresia (BA) is a rare congenital pulmonary airway malformation. It is characterized by the focal stenosis of a proximal segmental bronchus associated with peripheral mucus impaction and hyperinflation of the obstructed lung segment. Complex congenital lung malformation resection by uniportal VATS is an effective option.

Most cases are identified during the neonatal period or childhood. When diagnosed in adults, BA may present with recurrent infections, pneumothorax, and destruction of affected parenchyma. The thoracoscopic approach to BA has proved challenging in adult patients because of repeated infections and subsequently, its inflammatory status.

Herein doctors present a case of a 26-year-old female with left side recurrent pneumonia and pneumothorax past history. A chest computed tomography revealed a complex congenital bronchial atresia involving the left upper lobe and basal segments, associated with vascular anomalies. She underwent a successful uniportal VATS left upper lobectomy and resection of basal segments.

In particular, the Uniportal VATS approach is an effective and safe treatment for the management of complex congenital lung malformation.

Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Source: https://doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjab069
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