Concurrent bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis and second
Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis is exceedingly rare. A 56-year-old diabetic male presented with high-grade fever 40o c, chills, and bilateral loin pain for two weeks a picture of septic shock. CT showed bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis, the left kidney was smaller in size, the right renal unit showed marked hydronephrosis, right iliopsoas abscess extending to the thigh. The patient was managed by bilateral nephrostomy tubes and two retroperitoneal drains. Initially, the patient recovered, but the general condition deteriorated and profuse rectal bleeding occurred. Colonoscopy showed bleeding colonic mucosa. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis is a devastating disease that should be managed promptly to avoid septic shock.