Covid In India Maybe Entering Some Kind Of Stage Of Endemici
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Covid-19 in India may be entering some kind of stage of endemicity where there is low or moderate level of transmission going on, Chief Scientist of the World Health Organisation Dr Soumya Swaminathan said. The endemic stage is when a population learns to live with a virus. It's very different from the epidemic stage when the virus overwhelms a population.

The situation may continue with ups and downs in different parts of the country, especially where there are more susceptible population, she says. "Because of size of India and heterogeneity of population and immunity status in different areas in different pockets, it is very very feasible that the situation could continue like this," she says. She said she hopes that by the end of 2022 "we would be in that position that we have achieved vaccine coverage, say 70 percent, and then countries can get back to normal".

Swaminathan says children have very mild illness most of the time and there is a small percentage that gets sick and get inflammatory complications and few will die but much much less than the adult population. She said preparing hospitals for paediatric admissions, paediatric intensive care is going to serve our health system in many ways for other illnesses children have.

On use of drugs like Remdesivir, HCQ or Ivermectin for treatment, she said as of now, there is no evidence that HCQ or Ivermectin have any role to play in reducing mortality or morbidity in people infected with the virus or actually preventing people from getting infection, so therefore there are no grounds on which recommendations can be made in use of either of these drugs for treatment or prevention.

On clearance to Covaxin, she said the decision can be made hopefully by mid-September. On the third wave, she said no one has a "crystal ball" and it's impossible to predict a third wave. "It will be impossible to predict when, where the third wave will be upon us and if at all a third wave will come. However, you can make an educated guess on some of the variables that have an impact on transmission," she said.

On booster doses, she said there are both scientific and moral, and ethical reasons for not rushing into boosters. On vaccine passport concept, she said, "We do not believe that vaccination has to be a prerequisite at least at the global level to do things like travelling because we haven't given everyone an opportunity to get vaccinated there is so much inequity in access to vaccines, so the first thing is to get rid of the inequality then you can allow people vaccinated to relax certain measures."