Current Radiological Approach in Thyroid Nodules
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The aim of this paper is to review the radiological evaluation of thyroid nodules detected with ultrasonography (US), thoroughly and in harmony with the clinical-endocrinological-surgical management.The aim in thyroid imaging is to localize the thyroid gland, and to reveal the anatomy with the size and the contours. After ruling out a parenchymal disease, the presence of a nodule should be assessed. Nodules that are having malignant criteria should be detected and then differential diagnosis regarding the malignancy of the nodules should be assessed according to the clinical-laboratory-ra- diological properties. Today, nodules are categorized according to their malignancy risk using the thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TIRADS) classification. Nowadays, multi-parametric protocols are being used in nodule US and the decisions for follow-up or further evaluation protocols are based on the malignancy risk obtained from these multi-parametric protocols. Beside thyroid gland examination, radiological evaluation and mapping of cervical lymph nodes is essential during same examination session. Imaging of the complications and residual/recurrent changes in early and late postoperative period and after medical treatment has gained importance. Next generation imaging modalities like molecular tests are about to hit the market and developments in thyroid nodules should be followed closely.....

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