Dapagliflozin decreases sd LDL- C and increases HDL- 2C in T
The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies.

http://cardiab.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12933-016-0491-5
Dapagliflozin decreases small dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and increases high-density lipoprotein 2-cholesterol in patients with type 2 diabetes: comparison with sitagliptin
The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies. This single center, open-label, randomized, prospective study included 80 patients with type 2 diabetes taking prescribed oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were allocated to receive dapagliflozin (n = 40) or sitagliptin (n = 40) as add-on treatment. Fasting blood samples were collected before and 12 weeks after this intervention. Small dense (sd) LDL-C, large buoyant (lb) LDL-C, HDL2-C, and HDL3-C levels were determined using our established homogeneous assays. Statistical comparison of blood parameters before and after treatment was performed using the paired t test. Dapagliflozin and sitagliptin comparably decreased HbA1c (0.75 and 0.63%, respectively). Dapagliflozin significantly decreased body weight, systolic blood pressure, plasma triglycerides and liver transaminases, and increased adiponectin; sitagliptin did not alter these measurements. LDL-C and apolipoprotein (apo) B were not significantly changed by dapagliflozin, whereas HDL-C and apo AI were increased. Dapagliflozin did not alter concentrations of LDL-C, but sd LDL-C decreased by 20% and lb LDL-C increased by 18%. Marked elevation in lb LDL-C (53%) was observed in individuals (n = 20) whose LDL-C was elevated by dapagliflozin. However, sd LDL-C remained suppressed (20%). Dapagliflozin increased HDL2-C by 18% without affecting HDL3-C. Sitagliptin did not alter plasma lipids or lipoprotein subspecies. A SGLT-2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin suppresses potent atherogenic sd LDL-C and increased HDL2-C, a favorable cardiometabolic marker. Although LDL-C levels are elevated by treatment with dapagliflozin, this was due to increased concentrations of the less atherogenic lb LDL-C. However, these findings were not observed after treatment with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin. Trial registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000020984)
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