Denture wearing is associated with nutritional status among
Dentures are important for the reconstruction of occlusal support and masticatory performance for older adults with poor dentition. Investigators aimed to elucidate the oral health factors associated with malnutrition in older adults requiring long-term care, including denture use.

This cross-sectional study included 322 older adults who required long-term care in rural Japan. The participant's nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form. Oral health was assessed using the participant's dentition and oral function. Barthel Index (BI) and medical history were measured for assessing general health status.

The proportion of participants with malnutrition was 17.2%. The BI score, having <20 teeth and dentures, and poor lip-closure ability was significantly associated with malnutrition.

Denture use, lip-closure ability, and activities of daily living were significantly associated with malnutrition in older adults requiring long-term care, suggesting that wearing dentures for tooth loss and maintaining oral function contributes to nutritional status.

Journal of Dental Sciences
Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jds.2021.07.022
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