Development of metachronous rectal cancers in a young man wi
A young Japanese patient with bone marrow failure developed metachronous rectal adenocarcinomas at the ages of 16 and 18 years. He had no family history of cancer. Microsatellite instability testing with rectal tumor tissue demonstrated low-level microsatellite instability. To clarify whether any cancer susceptibility genes were involved in the development of rectal cancer, RNA sequencing was performed. Cancer-related genes were assessed, and a c.361A>G (p.Ser121Gly) germline variant was detected in DKC1. The same missense variant was previously reported in two patients with dyskeratosis congenita as a pathogenic variant, but those patients did not develop malignancies.

Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:117

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