Difficult tracheal intubation and post-extubation airway ste
Subglottic stenosis can lead to life-threatening difficult tracheal intubation during general anesthesia. We report a case of difficult tracheal intubation in an 11-month-old female who had unrecognized subglottic stenosis.
Case presentation
The patient was scheduled for elective correction of a right accessory auricle. She was suspected of having first and second branchial arch syndrome. Preoperative physical examination was normal. Anesthesia was induced uneventfully using sevoflurane. It was not possible to pass size 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 cuffed endotracheal tubes due to an advanced subglottic lesion. Subsequent successful intubation was achieved using a 3.0 uncuffed tube. Stridor was audible after extubation, and the patient required several days’ treatment with dexamethasone to address respiratory distress.
We encountered unrecognized subglottic stenosis that led to difficult tracheal intubation and post-extubation airway stenosis....