Doctors perform an open heart surgery on premature baby's wa
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In a rare feat, Pune doctors successfully performed an open-heart surgery on a premature baby weighing only 1.5kg. It was a case of Infracardiac Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection where the veins bringing oxygenated blood from the lungs were connected wrongly to the liver instead of the heart. According to the hospital, this is the first successful open-heart surgery performed on such a small baby in the country.

The baby was born premature at 33 weeks at a hospital in Baramati, where doctors noticed low oxygen levels in his blood. Upon investigations, the baby was diagnosed with a serious heart condition where the veins bringing oxygenated blood from the lungs were connected to the liver instead of the heart. In the third week after his birth, surgeons performed the open-heart surgery on his "walnut-sized" heart successfully last week. The child is recuperating and will be discharged in another two weeks.

The baby was operated on 'Total Circulatory Arrest' where the body was cooled to 18°C against the normal body temperature of 37°C. Thereafter, the infant was put on a heart-lung machine and blood circulation was stopped to allow a bloodless field during surgery.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/pune/surgery-on-babys-walnut-sized-heart-with-clockwork-precision/articleshow/58938913.cms
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