Double free transverse upper Gracilis flap breast reconstruc
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The lower abdominal tissue is still the most common donor site used for free autologous breast reconstruction. If this site is not available, multiple secondary choices exist. The transverse upper gracilis flap is a valuable choice and it can be used alone or in combination with other flaps.

Doctors present a case of a 49-year-old patient who underwent delayed unilateral breast reconstruction by using a double transverse upper gracilis flap.

Due to venous thrombosis, the flap inserted in the lower pole was lost. They managed the complication by tailoring a latissimus dorsi flap to close the defect. They reported the advantages of the latissimus dorsi flap as a rescue solution and its superior aesthetic result in this particular case.

Breast reconstruction with transverse upper gracilis flap in addition to the latissimus dorsi flap allowed them to obtain an adequate breast volume avoiding the use of breast implants as desired by the patient. Doctors thought that the double free transverse upper gracilis flap for delayed, or immediate unilateral reconstruction of small to moderate breast could be a valuable option to avoid the use of implants and when abdominal tissue is not available.

However, it should be taken into consideration the shortness of the transverse upper gracilis pedicle, the necessity to perform a retrograde flow anastomosis at the level of the internal mammary, and the discrepancy of skin color tones with the receiving site.

The latissimus dorsi flap was an excellent rescue solution and put in evidence the aesthetic superiority of this flap compared to the transverse upper gracilis flap.

Indian Journal of Surgery