Effects of BMI and LDL-cholesterol change pattern on cardiov
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This study aimed to examine how the risk of cardiovascular disease changes according to degree of change in body mass index (BMI) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in patients with diabetes using the health medical examination cohort database of the National Health Insurance Service in Korea. In comparison, the pattern in a non-diabetic control group was also examined.

The study samples were 13800 patients with type 2 diabetes and 185898 non-diabetic controls, and their baseline characteristics and repeatedly measured BMI and LDL-cholesterol until occurrence of cardiovascular disease were collected in longitudinal data. Researchers used the variability model that is joint of mixed effects and regression model, then estimated parameters about variability by Bayesian methods.

Results:
-- The risk of cardiovascular disease was increased significantly with high average real variability (ARV) of BMI in the patients with diabetes, but the risk of cardiovascular disease was not increased according to degree of ARV in non-diabetic controls.

-- The Bayesian variability model was used to analyze the effects of BMI and LDL-cholesterol change pattern on development of cardiovascular disease in diabetics, showing that variability did not have a statistically significant effect on cardiovascular disease.

-- This shows the danger of the former simple method when interpreting only the mean of the absolute value of the variation.

Conclusively, the approach of simple SD in previous studies for estimation of individual variability does not consider the order of observation. However, the Bayesian method used in this study allows for flexible modeling by superimposing volatility assessments on multistage models.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7757466/
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