Efficacy of Pulse Steroid Therapy in Acute Viral Encephalopa
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Encephalopathy corresponds to an inflammation of the brain parenchyma caused by both infectious (influenza A, HHV6, HSV, VZV, measles) and non-infectious diseases (limbic encephalitis, Rasmussen’s syndrome, metabolic diseases). Viruses are the most common infectious agents associated with acute encephalitis. İn developed countries, HSV type 1 is the most common sporadic encephalitis reason in adults and varicella zoster virus (VZV) is responsible nearly 22% of paediatric cases. The main symptoms are fever, altered level of consciousness, headache, focal neurological deficits and seizure. Noteworthy, about 70% of viral encephalitis cases remain of unknown origin, even with modern laboratorial techniques. We present case report of an unknown virus infection associated with a rapid recovery of encephalopathy with successful treatment of steroid pulse therapy and aim to discuss this case in company with literature.

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