Emergency laparotomy for necrotising enterocolitis in a newb
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Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and congenital heart disease are two distinct disease processes, but they appear to be inter-related, particularly in patients with the congenital heart condition known as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Both NEC and HLHS are causes of significant morbidity and mortality in the neonatal population. As medical and surgical advances allow for the palliation and correction of complex heart lesions at an earlier gestational age and lower birth weight, the already high-risk of NEC in this population is likely to increase. In this article, we report a case of a neonate with unpalliated HLHS who underwent emergency laparotomy for NEC. We also discuss the pathophysiology of these two diseases and the perioperative care of this rare group of patients...

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