Epiphrenic Diverticulum
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A 77-year-old woman with achalasia was evaluated in a gastroenterology clinic for intermittent dysphagia to solids, regurgitation of liquids and solids, and recurrent esophageal yeast infections over the previous 11 years, as well as a 7.7-kg weight loss over the previous 3 years. A chest radiograph showed a density containing an air–fluid level to the right of the heart (Panel A, arrow). Radiography of the esophagus revealed an epiphrenic diverticulum, 10 by 15 cm (Panel B, arrow) and delayed emptying at the gastroesophageal junction with esophageal dilatation and tortuosity, which are findings consistent with the patient's diagnosis of achalasia. Endoscopic examination confirmed the presence and position of the diverticular opening and a yeast infection was confirmed by culture. Because of the patient's progressive symptoms, a laparoscopic resection of the diverticulum, Heller's myotomy and Dor's fundoplication were performed, without complications. Epiphrenic diverticula typically arise just proximal to the lower esophageal sphincter...

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