Fetal-MRI prenatal diagnosis of severe bilateral lung hypopl
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Prenatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), nowadays, is considered an important complement to prenatal ultrasound (US) in the evaluation of fetal lung anomalies, in particular to confirm and quantify fetal pulmonary hypoplasia. In many cases pulmonary hypoplasia is secondary to extrathoracic compression of fetal lung, thoracic cage compression and intrathoracic fetal compression. More rarely, pulmonary hypoplasia may be primary, with no obvious visible causes on prenatal imaging, since it is due to a diffuse disorder of lung development, as congenital alveolar dysplasia (CAD), alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD) or acinar dysplasia (AD).We present the prenatal and postnatal radiological and clinical features of a full-term female neonate affected by alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACD/MVP); authors compared prenatal findings with histological results, in order to assess the utility of prenatal imaging in the workup of diffuse developmental disorders of the infant lung and to evaluate possible advantages in term of early diagnosis....

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