Frank’s Sign in a pt with DM and hypertension
The present case has been reported in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India.

A 66 year old female with underlying hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus presented with sudden onset recurrent focal seizures involving left upper limb, left upper limb paresis and facial asymmetry with facial deviation towards right of 3 days duration. Examination revealed spastic left upper limb paresis and upper motor neuron type left facial palsy.

MRI brain revealed lacunar infarct in left middle cerebral artery territory. The patient was noted to have bilateral Frank’s sign, which is a diagonal crease in the earlobe that runs backward from the tragus at a 45-degree angle across the lobule to the rear edge of the auricle.

Her baseline ECG revealed left ventricular hypertrophy with no strain pattern. 2D Echo revealed left ventricular hypertrophy with grade 2 diastolic dysfunction and preserved ejection fraction and no regional wall motion abnormalities.

There has also been further description about the various grades of severity of this sign and likelihood of its predicting the underlying vascular pathology. One such classification grades it as 1-3 viz.
Grade1-small wrinkling < 50% of total diagonal distance between tragus and the free end of earlobe,

Grade 2a- superficial crease with visible floor of the crease,

Grade 2b- crease > 50% of diagonal distance,

Grade 3- deep crease traversing from tragus to the free end of earlobe with floor of crease not visible.

However, no association with increased cardiovascular event has been linked to the different grades of severity in the latter.

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v●●●k 7 General Medicine
If infarct is in left MCA, there should be right upper limb paresis,,, isn' t it?
Nov 24, 2018Like1