Fungal keratitis caused by a rare ocular pathogen: a case re
Fungal keratitis is an important infection of the eye that may cause devastating effects. Keratitis caused by fungi has been described in many parts of the world mainly in tropical countries.

The objective of the present case study, published in the Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology is to report a serious eye infection in an adult with a known history of diabetes caused by an uncommon yeast fungus with details of clinical findings and laboratory investigations. Left eye visual acuity was no perception of light due to end stage neovascular glaucoma. The patient was pseudophakic in both eyes.

Culture of a corneal scraping showed yeast like organism on Sabouraud dextrose agar. Gjaerumia minor, a rare yeast but with history of a pulmonary infection in the region, was confirmed with 98% similarity in the large subunit ribosomal RNA gene (accession KY690175).

Topical Amphotericin B and oral fluconazole were initiated. The patient showed gradual improvement, epithelial defect healed, infiltration steadily regressed and hypopyon disappeared. Fungal Keratitis should be considered in cases where clinical response to the conventional antibacterial antibiotic treatment is not optimal.

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